The Federalists of the 1780s had a glimpse of what America was to become — a scrambling business society dominated by the pecuniary interests of ordinary people — and they did not like what they saw. This premonition of America’s future lay behind their sense of crisis and their horrified hyperbolic rhetoric. The wholesale pursuits of private interest and private luxury were, they thought, undermining America’s capacity for republican government. They designed the Constitution in order to save American republicanism from the deadly effects of the private pursuits of happiness.
Charles Peale Polk (1767—1822)
Oil on canvas. Stratford Hall, Home of the Lees of Virginia, Stratford, VA.
Oil on canvas. Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, VA.
Charles Peale Polk was a nephew of Charles Willson Peale.
Oil on canvas; 59-13/16 x 40-11/16 in.
Oil on canvas; 69.22 cm (27.25 in) x 60.96 cm (24 in). Private collection.