Battle of Monmouth

Washington Rallying the Troops at Monmouth by Emanuel Leutze, c. 1853

QUICK FACTS

           

MAP OF THE BATTLE

Map courtesy of the Department of History,
United States Military Academy

LINKS
Portrait to come. See entry in Wikipedia.

By attacking slavery more fiercely than ever before, Revolutionary Americans freed tens of thousands of slaves. But the Revolution’s libertarian and egalitarian message had perverse consequences. It forced those Southerners who chose to retain slavery to fall back on the alleged racial deficiencies of blacks as a justification for an institution that hitherto they had taken for granted and had never before needed to justify. The anti-slavery movement that arose out of the Revolution inadvertently produced racism in America.

Gordon S. Wood
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)