Confederation Congress

Portrait by Artist to Come

QUICK FACTS

Following ratification of the Articles of Confederation) on 1-Mar-1781, Confederation Congress convened at these locations:

Location Begin Date End Date
Philadelphia, PA 1-Mar-1783 21-Jun-1783
Princeton, NJ 30-Jun-1783 4-Nov-1783
Annapolis, MD 26-Nov-1781 19-Aug-1784
Trenton, NJ 1-Nov-1784 24-Dec-1784
New York, NY 11-Jan 1785 2-Mar-1789

The failure of the Loyalists to flock to the royal standard cannot be understood without appreciating how effectively they had been locked down and neutralized by the patriots. Loyalists could not buy, sell, or bequeath property or other assets. They were barred from all legal recourse to recover debts or redress any other injury. They could not practice law or teach unless they had taken an oath of allegiance to the cause. They could not be executors of estates or be a guardian to a child. Any person who wrote, or spoke, or by any act libeled or defamed Congress ... should be brought to trial.

Michael Stephenson
Patriot Battles: How the War of Independence Was Fought (2007)