George Washington ordered his overseers to begin the 1767 wheat harvest on June 24, a hot, cloudy Saturday at the end of a dry week. Thus began twenty days of unrelenting exertion for Mount Vernon’s slaves and no little anxiety for their master, who for the first time had given over his holding almost entirely to the cultivation of grain. Much depended on the success of this experiment, which was a crucial element in Washington’s scheme to free himself of the debts he had accumulated over the years of failing to produce tobacco that would sell on London’s finicky market. Rich as he was in land, he feared that, like so many of his fellow planters, he too would become permanently dependent on his English merchant creditors. It was a fate he dreaded above all, for to suffer it meant that he would lose the essence of a gentleman’s character, independence, and with it the capacity to behave in a truly virtuous way.
|Bennington Battle Monument||Bennington||An obelisk marks the site where military supplies were stored and commemorates the battle that took place two miles away in New York.|
|Bennington Museum||Bennington||Memorializes the Battle of Bennington (1777); includes local and military artifacts and the “Bennington Flag.”|
|Hubbardton Battlefield State Historic Site||Hubbardton||The visitor center has a museum that includes artifacts and a diorama of the battle.|
|Mount Independence State Historic Site||Orwell||Remnants of a fort and the most important Revolutionary War site in Vermont. Originally connected to Fort Ticonderoga by a floating bridge.|
|Lake Champlain Maritime Museum||Vergennes||Dedicated to preserving the maritime history of Lake Champlain, it includes a replica of a gunboat used by Benedict Arnold.|
|Old Constitution House||Windsor||Delegates from the independent state of Vermont met here to write a constitution, making it a republic.|
Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754 - 1766 (2000)