Lexington Battle Green

Lexington
MA

The Minuteman on Lexington Battle Green

QUICK FACTS
  • Just above the Green is the Old Belfry (now replicated) whose bell summoned the militia that day.
  • Captain Parker and the other minutemen waited in nearby Buckman Tavern for the arrival of British troops.
  • The Minuteman Statue, sculpted by Massachusetts artist Henry Hudson Kitson, was erected in 1900.
  • Seven (of the eight) minutemen who died on the Common are buried beneath the Minuteman Statue.
  • There are reenactments of the Battle of Lexington / Concord on Patriot’s Day, which is an annual state holiday in Massachusetts. Lexington Battle Green serves as the main staging area.
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LOCATION

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Located across from the Lexington Visitors Center, Battle Green on 19 April 1775 was the Common at the center of Lexington. Neither the British Regulars nor the Lexington minutemen intended to fire the opening shot, but one was fired and a brief battle ensued. Eight colonial soldiers lost their lives; one Regular was wounded and later died. The War for Independence began. Today the triangular Battle Green includes the Minuteman Statue, representing Captain John Parker, who was the leader of the Lexington minutemen.

The Old Burying Ground

Located just a short walk to the north of Lexington Battle Green is the Old Burying Ground, with gravestones dating back to 1690. Captain John Parker is buried there as well as the wounded British soldier who died at Buckman Tavern three days after the event.
Associated People

No man ever loved Massachusetts with greater intensity than did [Massachusetts Royal Governor] Thomas Hutchinson. He had written her history, fought for her boundaries, re-established her currency, seen to it that her courts and judicial system were kept to a high standard. He had honestly believed in the centralization of power, and that the centre should be in London. The side which won did not, and yet their grandchildren (two of Paul Revere’s among them) were to be dying within a century for the centralization of power in the Federal Government. Hutchinson lost everything by backing the wrong system at the wrong time.... Yet if the other side had won, Thomas Hutchinson would undoubtedly be regarded as one of our great patriots.

Esther Forbes
Paul Revere & The World He Lived In (1942)