Old North Church

Boston
MA

Portrait by Artist to Come

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Called Christ Church in the 18th century; also known today as Christ Church in the City of Boston.

On if by land, two if by sea. On 18 April 1775 the church sexton, Robert Newman, using a code pre-arranged by Paul Revere, climbed the steeple and held two lanterns that signaled to colonists in Charleston that British Regulars were headed by sea to Concord to secure gunpowder and munitions that were stored there.

Used later by British General Thomas Gage during the Battle of Bunker Hill. Major John Pitcairn and other British soldiers are buried in vaults under the church.

Part of the Freedom Trail™.

Racial prejudice worked to perpetuate American slavery, even if it was not essential to sustain the institution. Slavery, serfdom, and peonage had existed elsewhere without racial connotations. Indeed, bondage had been so historically ubiquitous one might well ask why, by the 1760’s, it had come to trouble so many white Americans so much. The answer lies in part — and this part help explain why people like Mason did not act more aggressively on their concerns — in the reservations many whites felt about living alongside members of a supposedly inferior race, whether slave or free. The problem was inherent in American slavery, and emancipation, by undermining white control, would only make it worse.

Jeff Broadwater
George Mason: Forgotten Founder (2006)