Old North Church

Boston
MA

Portrait by Artist to Come

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Called Christ Church in the 18th century; also known today as Christ Church in the City of Boston.

On if by land, two if by sea. On 18 April 1775 the church sexton, Robert Newman, using a code pre-arranged by Paul Revere, climbed the steeple and held two lanterns that signaled to colonists in Charleston that British Regulars were headed by sea to Concord to secure gunpowder and munitions that were stored there.

Used later by British General Thomas Gage during the Battle of Bunker Hill. Major John Pitcairn and other British soldiers are buried in vaults under the church.

Part of the Freedom Trail™.

The Federalists of the 1780s had a glimpse of what America was to become — a scrambling business society dominated by the pecuniary interests of ordinary people — and they did not like what they saw. This premonition of America’s future lay behind their sense of crisis and their horrified hyperbolic rhetoric. The wholesale pursuits of private interest and private luxury were, they thought, undermining America’s capacity for republican government. They designed the Constitution in order to save American republicanism from the deadly effects of the private pursuits of happiness.

Gordon S. Wood
The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States (2011)