Franklin the Diplomat

Portrait by Artist to Come


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CONTENTS

     

American diplomats to France, 1776 - 89
* Franklin, Silas Dean, Arthur Lee (who replaced Jefferson whose wife was ill)— Envoys, 1776 - 1778
* Franklin, Arthur Lee, John Adams — Envoys, 1778 - 1779
* Franklin — Minister Plenipotentiary, 1779 - 85
* Franklin, Adams, John Jay — peace treaty negotiators, 1782 - 83
* Jefferson — Minister Plenipotentiary, 1785 - 89

Virtually all modern accounts of the Revolution begin in 1763 with the Peace of Paris, the great treaty that concluded the Seven Years’ War. Opening the story there, however, makes the imperial events and conflicts that followed the war — the controversy over the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act crisis — into precursors of the Revolution. No matter how strenuous their other disagreements, most modern historians have looked at the years after 1763 not as contemporary Americans and Britons saw them — as a postwar era vexed by the unanticipated problems in relations between the colonies and metropolis — but as what we in retrospect know those years to have been, a pre-Revolutionary period. By sneaking glances, in effect, at what was coming next, historians robbed their accounts of contingency and suggested, less by design than by inadvertence, that the independence and nationhood of the United States were somehow inevitable.

Fred Anderson
Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754 - 1766 (2000)