Franklin the Diplomat

Portrait by Artist to Come


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CONTENTS

     

American diplomats to France, 1776 - 89
* Franklin, Silas Dean, Arthur Lee (who replaced Jefferson whose wife was ill)— Envoys, 1776 - 1778
* Franklin, Arthur Lee, John Adams — Envoys, 1778 - 1779
* Franklin — Minister Plenipotentiary, 1779 - 85
* Franklin, Adams, John Jay — peace treaty negotiators, 1782 - 83
* Jefferson — Minister Plenipotentiary, 1785 - 89

The press was the mass medium of the eighteenth century, the only way to bring both news and commentary to a broad public audience. The popularity of newspapers soared in Revolutionary America: By the late 1780s, the United States had about ninety-five newspapers, over twice the number at the time of independence. Moreover, the newspapers of 1776 were weeklies, but those of 1787 we often published two or three times a week. There were even a few that appeared daily to satisfy the hungry reading public.

Pauline Maier
Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787—1788 (2010)