By attacking slavery more fiercely than ever before, Revolutionary Americans freed tens of thousands of slaves. But the Revolution’s libertarian and egalitarian message had perverse consequences. It forced those Southerners who chose to retain slavery to fall back on the alleged racial deficiencies of blacks as a justification for an institution that hitherto they had taken for granted and had never before needed to justify. The anti-slavery movement that arose out of the Revolution inadvertently produced racism in America.
Knyphausen, Wilhelm von
PA — 11 September 1777.
New York, NY — 16 November 1776.
PA — 4 October 1777.
NJ — 28 June 1778.
NY — 28 October 1776.
Manalapan, NJ — Marks the site of the 1778 Battle of Monmouth; includes hiking and horseback riding trails and two houses from the period.
New York, NY — Manhattan's oldest existing house was built in 1756 as a summer retreat for loyalist British Lieutenant Colonel Roger Morris and his wifeIt served briefly as Washington's headquarters in 1776; includes 12 restored period rooms.
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)