By attacking slavery more fiercely than ever before, Revolutionary Americans freed tens of thousands of slaves. But the Revolution’s libertarian and egalitarian message had perverse consequences. It forced those Southerners who chose to retain slavery to fall back on the alleged racial deficiencies of blacks as a justification for an institution that hitherto they had taken for granted and had never before needed to justify. The anti-slavery movement that arose out of the Revolution inadvertently produced racism in America.
Newport, RI — Completed in 1739, it was the state house of Rhode Island until 1901.
Saunderston, RI — This restored house, built in 1750, was the birthplace of painter Gilbert Stuart.
Newport, RI — Built 1748—54 and considered one of the ten best colonial homes existing in the U.S.
Washington, DC — Contains historical portraits, including works by John Trumbull, Gilbert Stuart, John Singleton Copley, Mather Brown, and others.
Philadelphia, PA — Founded by Charles Willson Peale, William Rush, and others in 1805, this is the oldest art museum/school in the U.S. Includes works by Charles Willson Peale, William Rush, Benjamin West, Rembrandt Peale, Gilbert Stuart, and Thomas Sully.
Newport, RI — Chartered in 1747 and opened to the public in 1750, it is the oldest circulating library in the U.S.
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)