In 1789 the South and especially Virginia had been the impelling force in creating the nation. By 1815 the South and slaveholders still seemed to be in control of the national government. President Madison was a slaveholder. So too were Speaker of the House, Henry Clay, James Monroe, the secretary of state, and George W. Campbell, the secretary of the treasury. All Republican leaders of the House were slaveholders. In 1815 the United States had four missions in Europe: two of them were held by slaveholders. The chief justice of the United States was a slaveholder, as were a majority of the other members of the Court. Since 1789 three of the four presidents, two of the five vice-presidents, fourteen of the twenty-six presidents pro tempore the Senate, and five of the ten Speakers of the House had been slaveholders.
NY — 10 May 1775.
CT — 6 September 1781.
Quebec City, QC, Canada — 31 December 1775.
NY — 11 October 1776.
SC — 29 May 1780.
NY — 19 September; 17 October 1777.
Groton, CT — The site of the Battle of Groton Heights (1781).
Rome, NY — Built by the British in 1758, it went from American to British to American hands again during the war. The fort is almost completely reconstructed and includes an extensive archeological collection, a visitor's center, and trails.
Tarrytown, NY — The Museum has a comprehensive display of research materials, art, and artifacts pertaining to the capture of the British Major John Andre, who was involved in Benedict Arnold’s defection.
Vergennes, VT — Dedicated to preserving the maritime history of Lake Champlain, it includes a replica of a gunboat used by Benedict Arnold.
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)