In 1789 the South and especially Virginia had been the impelling force in creating the nation. By 1815 the South and slaveholders still seemed to be in control of the national government. President Madison was a slaveholder. So too were Speaker of the House, Henry Clay, James Monroe, the secretary of state, and George W. Campbell, the secretary of the treasury. All Republican leaders of the House were slaveholders. In 1815 the United States had four missions in Europe: two of them were held by slaveholders. The chief justice of the United States was a slaveholder, as were a majority of the other members of the Court. Since 1789 three of the four presidents, two of the five vice-presidents, fourteen of the twenty-six presidents pro tempore the Senate, and five of the ten Speakers of the House had been slaveholders.
Women of the Revolution
Oil on canvas; 30 x 25 in. (76.2 x 63.5 cm). New York Historical Society, New York, NY.
Oil on canvas; 50 1/2 x 40 5/8 in. Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, KA.
Oil on canvas; 126.05 x 100.33 cm (49 5/8 x 39 1/2 in. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Oil on canvas; 127.32 x 100.65 cm (50 1/8 x 39 5/8 in). Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Oil on canvas; 50 x 40 in. Timken Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.
Margaret Kemble Gage, 1734—1824.
Oil on canvas; 91.4 x 71.1 x 2.5cm (36 x 28 x 1 in). National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian), Washington, DC.
Oil on canvas; 125.7 x 100.3 cm
Oil on canvas; height: 124.46 cm (49 in), width: 99.06 cm (39 in). Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Oil on canvas. Middleton Place, Charleston, SC
Oil on canvas; 30 3/8 x 25 1/8. U.S. Department of State, Harry S.