King George III

by Benjamin West (1738—1820)

Oil on canvas; 255.3 × 182.9 cm (100.5 × 72 in). Royal Collection Trust, London, England.

by Joshua Reynolds (1723—92)

Oil on canvas; 2774 x 1855 mm. Royal Academy of Arts, London, England.

by Thomas Gainsborough (1727—88)

Oil on canvas; 238.8 × 158.7 cm (94 × 62.5 in). Royal Collection Trust, Buckingham Palace, London, England.

by Mather Brown (1761—1831)

Oil on canvas.

by Allan Ramsay (1713—84)

Oil on canvas. Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA.

by Allan Ramsay (1713—84)

Oil on canvas; 53.5 x 79 cm. Private Collection.

by Johann Zoffany (1733—1810)

Oil on canvas; 163.2 x 137.3 cm. Royal Collection Trust, London, England.

by William Beechey (1753—1839)

Oil on canvas; 92 in. x 57 in. (2337 mm x 1448 mm). National Portrait Gallery, London, England.

Mocking idleness and turning labor [in the North] into a badge of honor made the South, with its leisured aristocracy supported by slavery, seem even more anomalous than it had been at the time of the Revolution, thus aggravating the growing sectional split in the country. Many Southern aristocrats began emphasizing their cavalier status in contrast to the money-grubbing northern Yankees. They were fond of saying that they were real gentlemen, a rare thing in America.

Gordon S. Wood
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)