But Adams did not just read books. He battled them. The casual presumption that there is some kind of rough correlation between the books in the library of any prominent historical figure and the person’s cast of mind would encounter catastrophe with Adams, because he tended to buy and read book with which he profoundly disagreed. Then, as he read, he recorded in the margins and at the bottom of the pages his usually hostile opinions of the arguments and authors.... [T]he Adams marginalia constitute evidence more revealing of his convictions about political theory than any of his official publications.
Oil on canvas; Height: 28 ½” (72.3 cm); Width: 36 ¼” (92.7 cm). Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library; Winterthur, DE.
Oil on canvas. National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian), Washington, DC.
Oil on canvas; 131 x 102 cm (51 9/16 x 40 3/16 in.) National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.
Painted plaster; 9 3/4 x 26 x 19 1/4 in., 30 lb. (24.8 x 66 x 48.9 cm, 13.6 kg). New-York Historical Society, New York, NY.
U.S. Supreme Court, Washington, DC.
Oil on wood; 10.2 x 8.3 cm (4 x 3 1/4 in). Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT.
Oil on canvas. John Jay Homestead State Historic Site, Katonah, NY.
Oil on canvas. City Hall Portrait Collection, New York, NY.