Abigail Adams

after Mather Brown (1761—1831)

Portrait by unknown artist after a 1785 painting by Brown.

by James Sharples (c. 1751—1811)

Pastel on gray (now oxidized) laid paper. 9 9/16 x 7 7/16 in. • 24.3 x 18.9 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY.

by Gilbert Stuart (1755—1828)

Oil on canvas; 73.4 x 59.7 cm (28 7/8 x 23 1/2 in.) National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.

by Benjamin Blythe (b. 1746; active until 1787)

Pastel on paper; 57 cm x 44.3 cm. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA.

During the war ... Washington thought his way to federalism, long before a Federalist Party existed. He believed in a strong central government, supreme over the states; a strong financial system on the British model, with taxes to fund its debt; a flourishing commerce to create prosperity (and to train seamen for a powerful navy, which would in turn protect shipping); and a strong military. And most officers came out of the experience of the Revolution with the same views.

Myron Magnet
The Founders at Home: The Building of America, 1735 - 1817 (2014)