Oil on canvas; 75 1/2 x 107 3/4 in. (191.8 x 273.7 cm). Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA.
Penn’s Treaty with the Indians, 1771—72
During the war ... Washington thought his way to federalism, long before a Federalist Party existed. He believed in a strong central government, supreme over the states; a strong financial system on the British model, with taxes to fund its debt; a flourishing commerce to create prosperity (and to train seamen for a powerful navy, which would in turn protect shipping); and a strong military. And most officers came out of the experience of the Revolution with the same views.