Mocking idleness and turning labor [in the North] into a badge of honor made the South, with its leisured aristocracy supported by slavery, seem even more anomalous than it had been at the time of the Revolution, thus aggravating the growing sectional split in the country. Many Southern aristocrats began emphasizing their cavalier status in contrast to the money-grubbing northern Yankees. They were fond of saying that they were real gentlemen, a rare thing in America.
Son of John and Abigail Adams, diplomat, senator, sixth President, congressman; 1767—1848.
Financier, Continental congressman, U.S. senator; 1741/42—1804.
Virginia revolutionary, signer of the Declaration of Independence, senator; 1732—94.
Soldier, lawyer, Virginia governor, diplomat, Secretary of State, Secretary of War, fifth President; 1758—1831.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, “Financier of the Revolution”; 1734—1806.
Soldier, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, congressman, South Carolina governor, senator; 1757—1824.
Lawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, senator for Delaware; 1733—98.
Continental Army general, senator for New York; 1733—1804.
Lawyer and politician from Connecticut; signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1721—93.
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)