Britain

British officer, hung as a spy for his involvement in Benedict Arnold’s treason.
British playwright, politician; general who lost the Battles of Saratoga; 1722—92.
Anglo-Irish statesman, orator, author, and political philosopher; 1729—97.
Governor of Quebec; British commander-in-chief, 1782 - 83; 1724—1808.
British general; commander-in-chief, 1778—82; 1730—95.
British general, surrendered with troops at Yorktown; 1738—1805.
King of Great Britain in 1760, at age 22, until 1820; b. 1738.
British lord, American Secretary, 1775—82; 1716—85.
American Secretary, 1768—72; 1718—93.
British admiral, brother of William Howe; 1726—99.

In 1775 the British government was not the limited monarchy we know today. The King was in charge of the executive branch of the government and his duties and powers corresponded, roughly, to those the President now handles in the United States. ... Political parties as we understand them today had yet to be born. England was split into four or five factions, some revolving around a noble Lord such as Marquis of Rockingham, some around a class (the country squires) and roughly on-third of Parliament around the King who, through his executive power, had innumerable jobs, from cabinet post to lucrative sinecures, to dispense among those who supported him.

Thomas Fleming
Now We Are Enemies: The Story of Bunker Hill (1960; reissued 2010)