Despite deceptive appearances, the British were far from luxuriating in Philadelphia while Washington and his army suffered at Valley Forge. Every public building was used to house two thousand sick and wounded British and Hessian soldiers. The army was placed on half-rations, and there was a shortage of medical and hospital supplies that caused tension between the British and the Hessians. Unable to obtain supplies, the city became a prison for as many as fifty thousand inhabitants and troops.
Articles of Confederation
Political philosopher, Boston revolutionary leader, signer of the Declaration of Independence, Massachusetts governor; 1722—1803.
Lawyer, politician, writer, militia officer, signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1732—1808.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, vice president under Madison; 1744—1814.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, “Financier of the Revolution”; 1734—1806.
Lawyer and politician from Connecticut; signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1721—93.
Scots Presbyterian minister, president of the College of New Jersey, signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1723—94.
The Men Who Lost America: British Leadership, the American Revolution, and the Fate of the Empire (2013)