Mocking idleness and turning labor [in the North] into a badge of honor made the South, with its leisured aristocracy supported by slavery, seem even more anomalous than it had been at the time of the Revolution, thus aggravating the growing sectional split in the country. Many Southern aristocrats began emphasizing their cavalier status in contrast to the money-grubbing northern Yankees. They were fond of saying that they were real gentlemen, a rare thing in America.
Political philosopher, Boston revolutionary leader, signer of the Declaration of Independence, Massachusetts governor; 1722—1803.
Soldier, politician, New York governor, vice president under Jefferson and Madison; 1739—1812.
Lawyer, orator, Virginia governor; 1736—99.
Lawyer, architect, drafter of the Declaration of Independence, Virginia governor, diplomat, third President, founder of the University of Virginia; 1743—1826.
Virginia revolutionary, signer of the Declaration of Independence, senator; 1732—94.
Politician, author, political philosopher, Anti-Federalist; 1725—92.
Author, revolutionary, political philosopher; 1737—1809.
Playwright, historian, sister of James Otis, Jr, wife of James Warren; 1728—1814.
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)