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The British Are Coming: The War for America, Lexington to Princeton, 1775-1777
by Rick Atkinson
Published: 2019
The Indian World of George Washington
by Colin G. Calloway
Published: 2018
The Price of Greatness: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and the Creation of American Oligarchy
by Jay Cost
Published: 2018
Apostles of Revolution: Jefferson, Paine, Monroe, and the Struggle Against the Old Order in America and Europe
by John Ferling
Published: 2018
In the Hurricane's Eye: The Genius of George Washington and the Victory at Yorktown
by Nathaniel Philbrick
Published: 2018
Young Washington: How Wilderness and War Forged America’s Founding Father
by Peter Stark
Published: 2018
John Marshall
John Marshall: The Man Who Made the Supreme Court
by Richard Brookhiser
Published: 2018
Without Precedent: Chief Justice John Marshall and His Times
by Joel Richard Paul
Published: 2018
Benjamin Rush
Rush: Revolutionary, Madness & the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father
by Stephen Fried
Published: 2018
Dr. Benjamin Rush: The Founding Father Who Healed a Wounded Nation
by Harlow Giles Unger
Published: 2018

Jefferson was in most respects a typical slaveholder. Although he always condemned slavery, he did own one of the largest slave populations in Virginia. Upon the division of his father-in-law’s estate in 1774 he became, in fact, the second-largest slaveholder in Albemarle County. Thereafter the number of his slaves remained around two hundred — with increases through births offset by periodic sales to pay off debts. Jefferson was known to be a good master, reluctant to break up families or to sell slaves except for delinquency or at their own request. Nevertheless, between 1784 and 1794 he disposed of 161 people by sale or gift. It is true that Jefferson was averse to separating young children from their parents; but once slave boys or girls reached the age of ten or twelve and their working lives began, they were no longer children in Jefferson’s mind.

Gordon S. Wood
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)