Jupiter Evans

Portrait by Artist to Come

1743 at Shadwell Plantation, Albemarle County, Virginia
1800 at Monticello, Albemarle County, Virginia

House slave on the Shadwell and Tuckahoe Plantations of Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson’s father.

Jupiter and Thomas were both born in 1743 and they grew up together. He was Jefferson’s personal valet until Jefferson married Martha in 1772. Then, at the Monticello plantation, Jefferson chose his wife’s half-brother, Robert, as his valet.

Jupiter Evans was then in charge of the Monticello stables until his death in 1800.

| Jefferson, Thomas


The disarrayed condition of the colonies in 1764 — economies and societies in flux with changes wrought by war, governments trying simultaneously to adjust to international peace and cope with the effects of Indian insurrections — helps explain how the colonists reacted to British efforts to reform imperial relations.… But the single most significant factor was the depression that by 1764 had fastened a clammy grip on trade in every colony, and which would not fully release it until the decade had ended.

Fred Anderson
Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754 - 1766 (2000)