Portraits of Enslaved People

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Slaves of George Washington

Slaves of Thomas Jefferson

  • Christopher Sheels - Slave of Washington
  • Betty Hemings
  • Beverly Hemings
  • Harriet Hemings
  • Eston Hemings
  • Wormley Hughes - Jefferson’s gardener
  • Recollections of Madison Hemings
  • Recollections of Israel Jefferson
  • ... Washington had made every mistake in the book in the New York campaign. He had misread the enemy’s intentions; he had divided his forces in the face of superior numbers; he had provided no cavalry; he had hesitated almost fatally to get his army out of Manhattan once he grasped the folly of keeping it there; he had allowed Greene to persuade him against his better judgment to keep men in Fort Washington; he had allowed a wealth of precious tents, flour, ordnance, and ammunition at Forts Washington and Lee to fall into enemy hands.

    Myron Magnet
    The Founders at Home: The Building of America, 1735 - 1817 (2014)