John Paul Jones

Portrait by Charles Willson Peale, c. 1781—84


6 July 1747 in Scotland
18 July 1792 in Paris

  • Buried in a crypt at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.


Portrait to come. See entry in Wikipedia.



At the end of March [1783] Franklin applied to [French Foreign Secretary] Vergennes for permission to publish a complete translation of the United States constitutions in French, the only language in which they could be widely read. He was eager to correct Europe’s misapprehensions about the new nation; he knew as well that he was offering up an advertisement for American trade and immigration.... Copies went out over the summer to the entire diplomatic corps and, in extravagantly bound editions, to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. The most influential of Franklin’s European publications the constitutions were universally well received.

Stacy Schiff
A Great Improvisation: Franklin, France, and the Birth of America (2005)