William Howe

Mezzotint published in 1777; colored.

QUICK FACTS
BORN:
10 August 1729 in London, England
  DIED:
12 July 1814 in Plymouth, Devonshire, England

  • By the end of winter, 1776 - 77, Howe loses half his army. More British soldiers are killed in minor skirmishes than in battles.
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Sir William Howe, later 5th Viscount Howe after his brother's death. General and Commander-in-Chief of British forces. Portrait to come. See entry in Wikipedia.
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The unattractive truth was that the arrival of the provisional treaty ending the war in April 1783 made the Continental Army superfluous, and the sooner it disappeared, the better. Congress eventually voted to provide full pay for five years for officers in lieu of half pay for life, but doing so was a purely rhetorical exercise, since there was no money in the federal coffers to pay anyone. Even that meaningless commitment generated widespread criticism, especially in New England, where returning officers were greeted with newspaper editorials describing them as blood-beaked vultures feeding at the public trough. At least in retrospect, the dissolution of the Continental Army in the spring of 1783 was one of the most poignant scenes in American history, as the men who had stayed the course and won the war were ushered off without pay, with paper pensions and only grudging recognition of their service.

Joseph J. Ellis
The Quartet: Orchestrating the Second American Revolution, 1783—1789 (2015)