- Mather Brown – American-born painter, active in England (1761—1831)
- John Singleton Copley – American painter, principally active in London after 1774 (1738—1815)
- Ralph Earl – American painter, principally of portraits (1751—1801)
- Jean-Antoine Houdon – French sculptor who sometimes created his works from life-masks (1741—1828)
- Charles Willson Peale – American painter, soldier; created first American museum (1741—1827)
- Rembrandt Peale – American painter, son of Charles Willson Peale (1778—1860)
- William Rush – American sculptor (1756—1833)
- Gilbert Stuart – American painter of quintessential portraits, including George Washington (1755—1828)
- Thomas Sully – British-born painter, mainly of portraits (1783—1872)
- John Trumbull – American artist, soldier at the Battle of Trenton (1756—1843)
- John Vanderlyn – American artist, protégé of Aaron Burr (1775—1852)
- Benjamin West – American-born painter who moved to England in 1763 (1738—1820)
Portraits of Artists
By 1789 many of the Federalists, particularly Hamilton, had no confidence whatsoever left in the virtue or the natural sociability of the American people as adhesive forces: to rely on such wild schemes and visionary principles, as radicals like Jefferson and Paine did, to tie the United States together, the Federalists said, was to rely on nothing. Hence Hamilton and the other Federalist leaders had to find things other than republican virtue and natural sociability to make the American people a single nation.
Tying people together, creating social cohesiveness, making a single nation out of disparate sections and communities without relying on idealistic republican adhesives — this was the preoccupation of the Federalists, and it explains much of what they did — from Washington’s proposals for building canals to Hamilton’s financial program.
The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States (2011)