Second Continental Congress

Portrait by Artist to Come


QUICK FACTS

           

ITINERANT CONGRESS

The Second Continental Congress, and then Confederation Congress (following ratification of the Articles of Confederation on 1-Mar-1781), convened at these locations:

Location Begin Date End Date
Philadelphia, PA 10-May-1775 12-Dec-1776
Baltimore, MD 20-Dec-1776 27-Feb-1777
Philadelphia, PA 4-Mar-1777 18-Sept-1777
Lancaster, PA 27-Sep-1777 27-Sep-1777
York, PA 30-Sep-1777 27-Jun-1778
Philadelphia, PA 2-Jul-1778 21-Jun-1783
Princeton, NJ 30-Jun-1783 4-Nov-1783
Annapolis, MD 26-Nov-1783 19-Aug-1784
Trenton, NJ 1-Nov-1784 24-Dec-1784
New York, NY 11-Jan 1785 2-Mar-1789

LINKS
CONTENTS

     

Portrait to come. See: Wikipedia.

The unattractive truth was that the arrival of the provisional treaty ending the war in April 1783 made the Continental Army superfluous, and the sooner it disappeared, the better. Congress eventually voted to provide full pay for five years for officers in lieu of half pay for life, but doing so was a purely rhetorical exercise, since there was no money in the federal coffers to pay anyone. Even that meaningless commitment generated widespread criticism, especially in New England, where returning officers were greeted with newspaper editorials describing them as blood-beaked vultures feeding at the public trough. At least in retrospect, the dissolution of the Continental Army in the spring of 1783 was one of the most poignant scenes in American history, as the men who had stayed the course and won the war were ushered off without pay, with paper pensions and only grudging recognition of their service.

Joseph J. Ellis
The Quartet: Orchestrating the Second American Revolution, 1783—1789 (2015)