From 1778, the British army and navy were additionally overstretched in a global war against France, and later against Spain and Holland. From Blenheim in 1704 to Waterloo in 1815, Britain won the majority of its victories in alliance with other countries in Europe.... In the American war, on the other hand, Britain was at a great disadvantage because it had no allies and was opposed by much of the rest of Europe in the League of Armed Neutrality (1780). Spain and France were able to concentrate upon building up their navies whose combined strength outnumbered the Royal Navy and Britain faced the most serious invasion threat since the Spanish Armada in 1588.... In consequence of the expansion of the war, the priorities of the British government were diverted from the war in America.
Places to Visit
|Place||City Sort descending|
|Colonial Pemaquid State Historic Site||Bristol||Includes unearthed remnants of Fort William Henry and Fort Frederick.|
|Fort George||Castine||Built by the British in 1789 and location of the largest American amphibious operation of the war.|
|Montpelier – The General Henry Knox Museum||Thomaston||Built in 1794, Montpelier was constructed as the retirement home of Henry and Lucy Knox, and was in use by the family until 1854; it was razed in 1871. The current Montpelier is a recreation built in 1930 and includes some of Knox’s personal effects.|
|Sayward-Wheeler House||York Harbor||Well-preserved home of Jonathan Sayward, a merchant and a loyalist, originally built in 1718 and then enlarged.|
The Men Who Lost America: British Leadership, the American Revolution, and the Fate of the Empire (2013)