The issue of taxation had immense symbolic importance on both sides of the Atlantic. Like most of his fellow members of Parliament, [Lord Frederick] North regarded the right of Britain to tax America as integral to the absolute and indivisible supremacy of Parliament over America. The concept of parliamentary sovereignty was more than an abstract doctrine. It had emotional resonance as a constitutional victory won against the monarchy in the Glorious Revolution, following the deposition of James II in 1688. It was regarded as essential for the protection of liberty in general. For Britain, the right to tax the colonies was fundamental to its authority to govern America. At the same time, taxation united colonial opposition more than any other grievance.
Exeter, NH — The museum focuses on the Revolution, colonial life, the Ladd, Gilman, and Folsom families.
Philadelphia, PA — Founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin and John Bartram to promote
Useful Knowledge.Philosophical Hall (1789) is now a museum featuring art, scientific instruments, rare books, original manuscripts, natural history specimens, and curiosities.
PA — 11 September 1777.
New York, NY — 16 November 1776.
PA — 4 October 1777.
New York, NY — 16 September 1776.
NY — 27 August 1776.
NJ — 28 June 1778.
Princeton, NJ — 3 January 1777.
NJ — 26 December 1776 (Second Battle of Trenton, 2 January 1777).
The Men Who Lost America: British Leadership, the American Revolution, and the Fate of the Empire (2013)