Mocking idleness and turning labor [in the North] into a badge of honor made the South, with its leisured aristocracy supported by slavery, seem even more anomalous than it had been at the time of the Revolution, thus aggravating the growing sectional split in the country. Many Southern aristocrats began emphasizing their cavalier status in contrast to the money-grubbing northern Yankees. They were fond of saying that they were real gentlemen, a rare thing in America.
Lawyer, architect, drafter of the Declaration of Independence, Virginia governor, diplomat, third President, founder of the University of Virginia; 1743—1826.
New York lawyer, politician, signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1746—1813.
Soldier, lawyer, Virginia governor, diplomat, Secretary of State, Secretary of War, fifth President; 1758—1831.
Lawyer, politician, Boston revolutionary; 1725—83.
Lawyer, Virginia governor, Constitutional Convention delegate, first Attorney General, Secretary of State; 1753—1813.
Lawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, senator for Delaware; 1733—98.
Lawyer and politician from Connecticut; signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1721—93.
lawyer, Continental Congressman, signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1730—81.
Lawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, Supreme Court justice; 1742—98.
Lawyer, teacher, scholar, signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1726—1806.
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)