Loyalism was a siren call for the British. They were constantly bending their strategy to conform to the chimera of Loyalist support that was assumed to be there but somehow never materialized. Howe’s Philadelphia campaign and Burgoyne’s invasion from Canada, as well as the British strategy in the South, were based on the assumption that large numbers of Loyalists would rise in support, if only sufficiently encouraged and protected ...
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, diplomat, second President; 1735—1826.
Son of John and Abigail Adams, diplomat, senator, sixth President, congressman; 1767—1848.
Merchant, Continental congressman, diplomat to France; 1737—89.
Philadelphia printer, writer, scientist, inventor, signer of the Declaration of Independence, diplomat to France; 1706—90.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, vice president under Madison; 1744—1814.
Lawyer, diplomat, Continental congressman, first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; 1745—1829.
Continental Army officer, aide-de-camp to Washington, son of Henry Laurens; 1754—82.
Diplomat to France, Continental congressman; 1740—92.
Mercantilist, diplomat; 1739—95.
New York lawyer, politician, signer of the Declaration of Independence; 1746—1813.
Patriot Battles: How the War of Independence Was Fought (2007)