Portraits of Colonials

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From New England Colonies

Connecticut

  • Ethan AllenFarmer, businessman, patriot, politician, founder of the state of Vermont
  • Benedict ArnoldTalented Continental Army general who defected to the British
  • Silas DeaneMerchant, Continental congressman, diplomat to France
  • Samuel HuntingtonLawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, CT governor
  • Israel PutnamMilitia general, fought with distinction at the British at Bunker Hill
  • Roger ShermanLawyer and politician from CT; signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • John TrumbullAmerican artist, soldier at the Battle of Trenton

Massachusetts

  • Abigail AdamsWife of John Adams, mother of John Quincy Adams
  • John AdamsSigner of the Declaration of Independence, diplomat, second President
  • John Quincy AdamsDiplomat, senator, sixth President, congressman
  • Samuel AdamsBoston revolutionary leader, signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Mather BrownAmerican-born painter, active in England
  • John Singleton CopleyAmerican painter, principally active in London after 1774
  • Ralph EarlAmerican painter, principally of portraits
  • Elbridge GerrySigner of the Declaration of Independence, vice president under Madison
  • John HancockMerchant, signer of the Declaration of Independence, MA governor
  • Thomas HutchinsonLast Royal Governor of MA
  • Henry KnoxContinental Army general, chief artillery officer, first Secretary of War
  • James Otis, Jr.Lawyer, politician, Boston revolutionary
  • Paul RevereArtisan, Boston revolutionary, militia soldier, foundryman
  • Betsy RossPhiladelphia seamstress and upholsterer
  • Joseph WarrenBoston doctor, revolutionary, militia general
  • Mercy Otis WarrenPlaywright, historian, sister of James Otis, Jr., wife of James Warren

New Hampshire

  • John SullivanContinental Army general, Continental Congress delegate, NH governor

Rhode Island

  • William EllerySigner of the Declaration of Independence from RI
  • Nathanael GreeneContinental Army general; key to winning the war in the South
  • Gilbert StuartAmerican painter of quintessential portraits, including George Washington

From Middle Colonies

Delaware

  • George ReadLawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, senator for DE

New Jersey

New York

Pennsylvania

  • John DickinsonLawyer, politician, writer, signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Benjamin FranklinPhiladelphia printer, writer, scientist, inventor, diplomat to France
  • Robert MorrisSigner of the Declaration of Independence, “Financier of the Revolution”
  • Thomas PaineAuthor, revolutionary, political philosopher
  • Rembrandt PealeAmerican painter, son of Charles Willson Peale
  • Benjamin RushPhiladelphia doctor, signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • William RushAmerican sculptor
  • Arthur St. ClairContinental Army general, surrendered Fort Ticonderoga to the British
  • Anthony WayneContinental Army general, defeated the British at Stony Point
  • Benjamin WestAmerican-born painter who moved to England in 1763
  • James WilsonLawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, Supreme Court justice

From Southern Colonies

Maryland

South Carolina

  • Ralph IzardFinancier, Continental congressman, U.S. senator
  • Henry LaurensMerchant, planter, slave trader, president of Continental Congress
  • John LaurensContinental Army officer, aide-de-camp to Washington, son of Henry Laurens
  • Charles PinckneySoldier, Constitutional Convention delegate, South Carolina governor
  • Charles Cotesworth PinckneyLawyer, soldier, delegate to the Constitutional Convention
  • John RutledgeSC governor, second Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

Virginia

  • Horatio GatesContinental Army general, won the Battles of Saratoga
  • Patrick HenryLawyer, orator, VA governor
  • Thomas JeffersonLawyer, polymath, drafter of the Declaration of Independence, third President
  • Arthur LeeDiplomat to France, Continental congressman
  • Charles LeeContinental Army general, formerly a British officer
  • Francis Lightfoot LeeVA politician, signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Henry Lee III”Light Horse Harry”; Continental Army officer, VA governor
  • Richard Henry LeeVA revolutionary, signer of the Declaration of Independence, senator
  • William LeeMercantilist, diplomat
  • James MadisonConstitutionalist, congressman, Secretary of State, fourth President
  • John MarshallSoldier, lawyer, politician, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
  • George MasonPolitician, author, political philosopher, Anti-Federalist
  • James MonroeSoldier, lawyer, VA governor, diplomat, fifth President
  • Daniel MorganMilitia soldier, military tactician, Continental Army general
  • Edmund RandolphLawyer, VA governor, Constitutional Convention delegate
  • Peyton RandolphLawyer, VA politician, first president of Continental Congress
  • George WashingtonCommander-in-chief of the Continental Army; first President
  • Martha WashingtonWife of George Washington, First Lady; 1731 – 1802
  • George WytheLawyer, teacher, scholar, signer of the Declaration of Independence

The disarrayed condition of the colonies in 1764 — economies and societies in flux with changes wrought by war, governments trying simultaneously to adjust to international peace and cope with the effects of Indian insurrections — helps explain how the colonists reacted to British efforts to reform imperial relations.… But the single most significant factor was the depression that by 1764 had fastened a clammy grip on trade in every colony, and which would not fully release it until the decade had ended.

Fred Anderson
Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754 - 1766 (2000)