William Howe

Mezzotint published in 1777; colored.

QUICK FACTS
BORN:
10 August 1729 in London, England
  DIED:
12 July 1814 in Plymouth, Devonshire, England

  • By the end of winter, 1776 - 77, Howe loses half his army. More British soldiers are killed in minor skirmishes than in battles.
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Sir William Howe, later 5th Viscount Howe after his brother's death. General and Commander-in-Chief of British forces. Portrait to come. See entry in Wikipedia.
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By attacking slavery more fiercely than ever before, Revolutionary Americans freed tens of thousands of slaves. But the Revolution’s libertarian and egalitarian message had perverse consequences. It forced those Southerners who chose to retain slavery to fall back on the alleged racial deficiencies of blacks as a justification for an institution that hitherto they had taken for granted and had never before needed to justify. The anti-slavery movement that arose out of the Revolution inadvertently produced racism in America.

Gordon S. Wood
Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (2009)