About Portraits in Revolution

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PortRevolt®
American Roots • American Meaning®
Find Your Own Revolution®


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HOW TO USE THIS SITE

PortRevolt centers on the events and lives in the years following the French and Indian War (1763) until the beginning of George Washington’s first term as president (1789). These are the years leading up to the Revolutionary War, the war itself, and the years immediately following, during which the states are figuring out how to govern themselves. Arguably the revolution continues to 1800, Jefferson’s first term as president, which this site will not neglect, but the early presidencies are not its focus.

Much has been done on this site and there is still even more to do. However there are no dead ends; incomplete articles link to Wikipedia for convenience.

If you are looking for something specific, perform a search. If you don’t know what you are looking for clicking on one of the tabs is the best way to start.

PortRevolt® was begun in 2009 in order to capture and describe the full experience of the American Revolution — in text, context, and images — as it was then, what it means, and how it can be appreciated and understood now.

It continues to be a work in progress ...

Please send your comments or corrections to: [email protected].


FIND YOUR OWN REVOLUTION®

Site Bibliography

  • Allison, Robert J. Before 1776: Life in the American Colonies (audio; The Teaching Company, 2009).
  • Anderson, Fred. Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Empire in British North America, 1754 - 1766 (2000).
  • Ayer, A.J. Thomas Paine (1988).
  • Bailyn, Bernard. To Begin the World Anew: The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders (2003).
  • Birzer, Bradley J. American Cicero: The Life of Charles Carroll (2010).
  • Boudreau, George W. Independence: A Guide to Historic Philadelphia (2012).
  • Boyd, Julian P. The Declaration of Independence: The Evolution of the Text (1999; originally published 1943)
  • Broadwater, Jeff. George Mason: Forgotten Founder. (2006).
  • Brodie, Fawn M. Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History (1974).
  • Brookhiser, Richard. Alexander Hamilton, American (1999).
  • Brookhiser, Richard. Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington (1996).
  • Brookhiser, Richard. Gentleman Revolutionary: Gouverneur Morris, the Rake Who Wrote the Constitution (2003).
  • Brookhiser, Richard. James Madison (2011).
  • Carbone, Gerald M. Nathanael Greene: A Biography of the American Revolution (2008).
  • Cerami, Charles. Young Patriots: The Remarkable Story of Two Men, Their Impossible Plan and the Revolution That Created the Constitution (2005).
  • Crawford, Alan Pell. Twilight at Monticello: The Final Years of Thomas Jefferson (2008).
  • Desjardin, Thomas A. Through a Howling Wilderness: Benedict Arnold’s March to Quebec, 1775 (2006).
  • Ellis, Joseph J. American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic (2007).
  • Ellis, Joseph J. American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson (1997).
  • Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency: George Washington (2004).
  • Ellis, Joseph J. Passionate Sage: The Character and Legacy of John Adams (1993).
  • Ferling, John. Adams vs. Jefferson: The Tumultuous Election of 1800 (2004).
  • Ferling, John. Almost a Miracle: The American Victory in the War of Independence (2007).
  • Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere’s Ride (1994).
  • Fischer, David Hackett. Washington’s Crossing (2004).
  • Fleming, Thomas. The Intimate Lives of the Founding Fathers (2009).
  • Fleming, Thomas. Now We Are Enemies: The Story of Bunker Hill (1960; reissued 2010).
  • Fleming, Thomas. The Perils of Peace: America’s Struggle for Survival After Yorktown (2007).
  • Fleming, Thomas. Washington’s Secret War: The Hidden History of Valley Forge (2005).
  • Forbes, Esther. Paul Revere and the World He Lived In (1942).
  • Franklin: The Autobiography and Other Writings on Politics, Economics, and Virtue (ed. Alan Houston; 2004).
  • Golway, Terry. Washington’s General: Nathanael Greene and the Triumph of the American Revolution (2005).
  • Grossman, Loyd. Benjamin West and the Struggle to be Modern (2015).
  • Hayes, Kevin J. The Road to Monticello: The Life and Mind of Thomas Jefferson (2008).
  • Jaffe, Irma B., John Trumbull: Patriot-Artist of the American Revolution (1975).
  • Kelly, Jack. Band of Giants: The Amateur Soldiers Who Won America’s Revolution (2014).
  • Ketchum, Richard M. Saratoga: Turning Point of America’s Revolutionary War (1997).
  • Ketchum, Richard M. Victory at Yorktown: The Campaign That Won the Revolution (2004).
  • Lengel, Edward G. General George Washington: A Military Life (2005).
  • Lengel, Edward G. Inventing George Washington: America’s Founder, in Myth and Memory (2011).
  • Lockhart, Paul. The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army (2008).
  • Magnet, Myron. The Founders at Home: The Building of America, 1735 - 1817 (2014).
  • Maier, Pauline. American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence (1997).
  • Maier, Pauline. Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787 - 1788 (2010).
  • McCullough, David. 1776 (2005).
  • McGlaughlin, Jack. Jefferson and Monticello: The Biography of a Builder (1988).
  • Middleton, Richard. Colonial America: A History, 1585-1776 (2nd Ed., 1996).
  • Miller, Lillian B., ed. The Peale Family: Creation of a Legacy 1770—1870 (1996).
  • Morgan, Edmund S. American Heroes: Profiles of Men and Women Who Shaped Early America (2009).
  • Morgan, Edmund S. Benjamin Franklin (2002).
  • Morgan, Edmund S. The Genuine Article: A Historian Looks at Early America (2004).
  • O’Shaughnessy, Andrew Jackson. The Men Who Lost America: British Leadership, the American Revolution, and the Fate of the Empire (2013).
  • Paine, Thomas. Common Sense (1776).
  • Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War (2006).
  • Price, David A. Love & Hate in Jamestown: John Smith, Pocahotas, and the Start of a New Nation (2003).
  • Puls, Mark. Henry Knox: Visionary General of the American Revolution (2008).
  • Puls, Mark. Samuel Adams: Father of the American Revolution (2006).
  • Rebora, Carrie and Paul Straiti, et al. John Singleton Copley in America (1995).
  • Rebora Barratt, Carrie and Ellen G. Miles. Gilbert Stuart (2004).
  • Richardson, Edgar P., Brook Hindle, Lillian B. Miller. Charles Willson Peale and His World (1982).
  • Rutland, Robert A. James Madison: The Founding Father (1987).
  • Schecter, Barnet. The Battle for New York: The City at the Heart of the American Revolution (2002).
  • Schiff, Stacy. A Great Improvisation: Franklin, France, and the Birth of America (2005).
  • Sellers, Charles Coleman. Mr. Peale’s Museum: Charles Peale and the First Popular Museum of Natural Science and Art (1980).
  • Shepherd, Jack. The Adams Chronicles: Four Generations of Greatness (1975).
  • Shorto, Russell. The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony that Shaped America (2004).
  • Stephenson, Michael. Patriot Battles: How the War of Independence Was Fought (2007).
  • Stewart, David O. The Summer of 1787: The Men Who Invented the Constitution (2007).
  • Stuart, Nancy Rubin. The Muse of the Revolution: The Secret Pen of Mercy Otis Warren and the Founding of a Nation (2008).
  • Wills, Garry. Cincinnatus: George Washington & the Enlightenment (1984).
  • Wills, Garry. Inventing America: Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence (1978).
  • Wills, Garry. Mr. Jefferson’s University (2002).
  • Wills, Garry. Negro President: Jefferson and Slave Power (2003).
  • Wood, Gordon S. The American Revolution: A History (2002).
  • Wood, Gordon S. The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin (2004).
  • Wood, Gordon S. The Creation of the American Republic, 1776—1787 (1969).
  • Wood, Gordon S. Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789 - 1815 (2009).
  • Wood, Gordon S. The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States (2011).
  • Wood, Gordon S. The Radicalism of the American Revolution (1992).
  • Wood, Gordon S. Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different (2006).

The men who lost America were also the men who saved Canada, India, Gibraltar, and the British Caribbean. The political leadership of the North government can be credited with the victory at the Saintes in 1782; the same year, Admiral Howe raised the Spanish siege of Gibraltar which had been heroically defended by a garrison of German mercenaries and British troops. In contrast to the British navy in the Chesapeake Bay, Howe was able to shield his transports and supply vessels behind his warships to enable them to relieve the garrison. This climactic end to the three-year siege was one of the most celebrated wartime subjects of artists like John Singleton Copley. The final voyages of Captain James Cook to Australia and New Zealand took place during the American Revolution, and the convicts formerly transported to America became the first settlers of Australia.

Andrew Jackson O’Shaughnessy
The Men Who Lost America: British Leadership, the American Revolution, and the Fate of the Empire (2013)